Hormone analysis is one of the tests performed for the study of female fertility. From a blood test, the values of different hormones are determined. Normally, the hormones that are studied are the following:
- FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone)
- its main function is ovarian development. FSH values should be between m-10 mUI/mL.
- LH (luteinizing hormone)
- hormone that triggers ovulation. Its normal levels are approximately 2-10 mIU/mL.
- blood levels between 25 and 75 pg/ml are required
- normal levels of this hormone are between 0 and 20 ng/mL.
- its main function is to prepare the uterus for embryo implantation. Normal levels of the hormone progesterone are above 5 ng/mL.
- AMH (anti-mullerian hormone)
- is an indicator of a woman's ovarian reserve. A woman is considered to have a good ovarian reserve when her AMH levels are between 0.7 and 3.5 ng/mL.
The hormones FSH, LH, estradiol and prolactin are determined between days 3 and 5 of a woman's menstrual cycle. However, the hormone progesterone needs to be tested on day 21 of the cycle. Also, AMH levels do not vary throughout a woman's menstrual cycle, so this hormone can be determined at any time.