In Panama, surrogacy is not established by law; it is neither allowed nor prohibited in Panama, which is why there is a legal vacuum.
This method of reproduction is only mentioned in Chapter II of the Penal Code:
Panama has no legal framework for regulating surrogacy, neither to prohibit it nor to allow it, so there is a legal vacuum.
Similarly, the only reference in the law to assisted reproduction is found in Chapter II of the Penal Code where this is stated:
- The fertilization of the egg cell is only allowed for reproductive purposes
- Assisted reproduction cannot be performed on a woman without her consent
- Genetic engineering, whether for cloning or for selection, is prohibited
- Embryo manipulations are only permitted to avoid serious illness